By by Janessa L. Brown.
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Extra resources for A brief sketch of Urama grammer with special consideration of particles marking agency, aspect, and modality
Family History 17) Example (97), which has multiple clauses, has no ro marker at all. The first clause is intransitive where we would not normally expect the postposition, and even if there are several transitive clauses in the sentence, as long as they share the agent in the first clause ro does not occur. up-ITR SUBCL start DEC. The crocodile was going round and round on the surface of the water, looking for them, but when it couldn't find them, it started to tear out small nipa palms and saplings.
TBC4) Then as he fights off the crocodile, the ro marker is not used in a series of sentences where we would expect it on transitive verbs such as snatch, kill and spear. The first of those sentences is shown here as (109). (TBC5) The agent is clear and is doing all of these actions, so there is no need to continue to mark this agent. Nu is subject of both the main verb ovahi'iti and the verb in the subordinate clause, erehe'eai. This is not a situation of conjoining of two main clauses where we would definitely expect the ro to be determined by the first verb.
4 Transitivity There is evidence in Kope for a transitivizing morpheme Vm that transforms intransitive verbs to transitive, and transitive verbs to ditransitive (Clifton 1995). This is seen in part in 19 There is no meaning change noted with the addition of dio to these tenses. This is an area for further research. 30 Urama on the verb ema’a ‘to give’ derived from the root a’a ‘do’. When the em- is added it changes the number of arguments that the verb requires, and the meaning of the derived verb becomes ‘give’.
A brief sketch of Urama grammer with special consideration of particles marking agency, aspect, and modality by by Janessa L. Brown.