By Henry Pelling
The writer leads the reader via a narrative of fight and improvement protecting greater than 4 centuries: from the medieval guilds and early craftsmen's and labourers' institutions to the dramatic development of exchange unionism in Britain within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He exhibits how strong personalities reminiscent of Robert Applegarth, Henry Broadhurst, Tom Mann, Ernest Bevin and Walter Citrine have helped to form the development of present-day unionism, and for this version he has additional a bankruptcy "On the shielding: the 1980s". the writer additionally wrote "The Origins of the Labour Party".
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Additional info for A History of British Trade Unionism
The Dorchester labourers were given a free pardon in 1 8g6, and gradually made their way back to England : but this concession was probably due more to the change of Home Secretary - it was now Lord John Russell- and to the greater dependence of the Whig government on Radical support in the 34 The Emergence of Trade Unionism PT. I Commons, than to any extra-parliamentary pressure. In the collapse of their high hopes of general organisation and co-operative manufacture, and in the worsening trade conditions of 1837, the skilled artisans fell back where they could on the local clubs and craft societies which had existed within or outside the 'Grand National'.
But the main object of the tradesmen was to end a practice in the 42 The Emergence of Trade Unionism PT. I industry whereby an employer before recruiting a new skilled man demanded to see his 'quittance paper' from his previous employer, giving details of his ability and character. In 1850-1 a number of young society members in the industry took the lead in negotiations for the creation of a national union, to be formed by the fusion of local and sectional bodies. The most prominent in the group were William Allan of Crewe, a taciturn and methodical Scotsman who was now secretary of the 'Old Mechanics', and William Newton of London, a member of the same society who was a powerful and ebullient orator if less able as an administrator.
Probably the Friendly Society Acts, with their emphasis on committees, general meetings and printed rules, set a pattern for the cH. m High Hopes and Small Beginnings, 1825-60 27 trade clubs as well. A clerk or secretary and a treasurer, together with a small committee, would be elected by a general meeting, and the committee would elect its president or chairman. If the club belonged to a larger combination, it would send a delegate to join the committee of the body to which it belonged. It was still very unusual, however, for any local club to yield up any considerable proportion of its funds to an outside organisation .
A History of British Trade Unionism by Henry Pelling