By Martin Maiden
Publish yr note: First released in 1995 through Longman Publishing
A Linguistic heritage of Italian bargains a transparent and concise rationalization of why smooth Italian grammar has turn into how it is. It makes a speciality of the results of historic adjustments at the glossy constitution of Italian, revealing styles and buildings which aren't continuously obvious to people who are just acquainted with smooth Italian. even supposing the ebook concentrates at the inner historical past of the language, the emergence of Italian is taken into account opposed to the broader historical past of the historical past of the Italian dialects, and different exterior elements corresponding to cultural and social impacts also are tested. Surveys of present study are incorporated, overlaying quite a lot of phenomena lately dropped at mild or re-evaluated.
This publication comprises dialogue of a few components fairly missed by way of previous histories of the language, corresponding to the improvement of Italian outdoor Italy. specific awareness is paid to the effect of different Romance dialects, the linguistic results of Italian changing into a literary instead of a spoken language, and structural diversifications that have resulted from the purchase of the language by means of a predominantly dialect-speaking inhabitants.
Containing in actual fact awarded examples, the publication is designed to be obtainable to these without wisdom of Italian itself. it is going to for this reason entice scholars of normal linguistics, historical past linguistics, and Romance linguistics, in addition to these learning Italian. it's the merely significant 'internal' historical past of Italian at the moment on hand in English.
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Extra resources for A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library)
The following verb forms recapitulate virtually all of the major historical changes affecting vowels, namely diphthongization, monophthongization of [aw], anaphonesis, reduction and deletion of unstressed vowels; we give the present indicative and past participle of the verbs perdere 'to lose', pOl·tare 'to carry', tenere 'to hold', morire 'to die', udire 'to hear', stringere 'to squeeze', (gittare 'to throw'), dovere 'to owe '; in (7)-(14), the infinitive, first person singular future, and third person singular passato remoto, of parlare 'to speak' in (15), and the infinitive and first person singular future of sapere 'to know' in (16).
CL A-MA-BA-TIS 'you loved'; PA-TREM 'father' and not **AM-AB-AT-IS; **PAT-REMj**PATR-EM. We show in sections 8 and 9 below that such preferred syllable structures have played a considerable role in various consonantal changes in Italian. , it fell upon the penultimate syllable of a word). The definition of a heavy syllable is that it contains either a long vowel or a vowel, whether long or short, followed by a consonant. The operation of stress placement can be conveniently illustrated from the following morphological forms (1): (I) COL-LI-GO: 'I gather' COL-LEC-TUM 'gathered' A-MAT 'he loves' A-MA:-BAT 'he loved' A-MANT 'they love' A-MAN-TUR 'they are loved' DO-MI-NA'mistress' DO-MI-NA:-RUM 'of mistresses' POR-TA'door' POR-TA:-RUM 'of doors' COL-LE:-GI: 'I gathered' A-MA-BA:-MUS 'we loved' As a rule, the stressed syllables of Latin words 4 are continued as stressed syllables of Italian words,5 although their relative position in the word may have altered as a result of other changes.
Among these are • • • • • • • • • • The inherent variability of language The notion of 'learned' fonns Hypercorrection The regularity and irregularity of sound change Phonetically conditioned variation in speech sounds Allomorphy Grammaticalization (including morphologization) Analogy Emergence of analytic structures Spoken vs. 1 Variation That language is spoken by human beings in human societies should be a statement of the obvious, but it is all too easy in charting the' internal' linguistic history of a language, to talk as though the structural changes which have taken place were the result of ineluctable laws on a par with those of physics, operating on an abstract and homogeneous linguistic structure in which humans were merely the mindless conduit of change.
A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library) by Martin Maiden