By M.K. Yau, R R Rogers
Covers crucial elements of cloud and precipitation physics and has been generally rewritten with over 60 new illustrations and lots of new and recent references. Many present subject matters are lined akin to mesoscale meteorology, radar cloud reviews and numerical cloud modelling, and themes from the second one version, reminiscent of critical storms, precipitation tactics and big scale features of cloud physics, were revised. difficulties are integrated as examples and to complement the text.
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Additional resources for A Short Course in Cloud Physics
1 lists the accepted standard values of es and e, over the range from -40°C to +40°C. 1. 15 2603 2839 2575 2839 2549 2838 2525 2837 2501 2489 2477 2466 2453 2442 2430 2418 2406 2834 specific heats, and fitting the curves to the points where definitive experimental values are known. The values of e, for T ~ O°C are taken from Wexler (1976); those for e, are from Wexler (1977). There is some uncertainty about the values of es for T < O°C owing to a lack of experimental data. The entries here were obtained by extrapolating Wexler's formula to temperatures below O°C.
The pressure at this intersection is called the isentropic condensation pressure, and the temperature is T c . An analytical approximation for T c ' which must be solved by iteration, is t; = B/ln [AE (To)1/k]. 23), written in the form ~: = (;:y. Actually, it is not obvious that condensation should occur when expansion continues beyond the saturation point. Experience shows that this does happen in the atmosphere, so that we speak interchangeably of the condensation point and the saturation point.
35) (d) Equivalent potential temperature ()e» defined as the temperature a parcel of air would have if taken from its equivalent temperature to a pressure of 1000 mb in a dry adiabatic process. 36) There is a one-to-one relationship between (}e and (}w. Both are determined by the process pseudoadiabat that characterizes the air sample; both are conservative in dry adiabatic or pseudoadiabatic processes. Highly accurate empirical formulas for these quantities are given by Bolton (1980). The disposition of T, T c , T d , and Tsw about the perimeter of a triangle is called Normand's rule, after the British meteorologist Sir Charles Normand.
A Short Course in Cloud Physics by M.K. Yau, R R Rogers