By Tolemariam Fufa
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Additional info for A Typology of Verbal Derivation in Ethiopian Afro-Asiatic Languages
Causation of body posture agentive intransitive verbs such as a-k’om- ‘make stand’, aggaddäm- ‘make lie down’, ant’ärarr- ‘make stretch’ take the morpheme a-. The verb a-k’oyy- ‘make wait’ is also possible. The morpheme a- is also affixed to transitive verbs of ingestive meanings. These verbs are often grouped together with intransitives and behave syntactically in many respects as intransitives (see also Chapter 8). 6a. tämari-u 6b. säw-ïyye-u 7a. lïj-u 7b. ’ (6a) and (7a) show transitive structures in which tämari-u ‘the student’ in (16a) and lïj-u ‘the boy’ in (7a) are agentive subjects.
Causer Counting In this section I argue that there is no causative intensive in Oromo contrary to the previous analysis. Dubinsky et al. recognize Lloret as the first linguist to pay attention to causative-intensive in Oromo (see also Kulikov 1993: 128). They need to differentiate the intensive from the causative morpheme in order to deal with what seems to be counter-examples to the general rule of Oromo that each causative morpheme corresponds to an agent. o. ’ where the causer is not necessarily physically involved in the action…” Let us observe this case from the following example8: Dubinsky et al.
What makes Amharic causative structures interesting is that causees and patients interact with object agreement; and this interaction determines ranges of possible interpretations. In a single causative structure, if one accusative constituent is overt and there 42 The Causative in Amharic is object agreement on the verb, then, the pronominal object on the verb agrees either with the causee or with the patient. If the object pronominal agrees with the causee, it is a causative of an active event; but, if the object on the verb agrees with the patient, it is a causative of a passive event.
A Typology of Verbal Derivation in Ethiopian Afro-Asiatic Languages by Tolemariam Fufa