Download e-book for iPad: Ad Infinitum: A Biography of Latin by Nicholas Ostler

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By Nicholas Ostler

ISBN-10: 0802716792

ISBN-13: 9780802716798

“An soaking up, scholarly account of the heritage of the Latin language, from its origins in antiquity to its afterlife in our personal time...Ad Infinitum treats its readers with the honour of Roman citizens.”—The Wall highway Journal

The Latin language has been the single consistent within the cultural historical past of the West for greater than millennia. It has outlined the best way we exhibit our innovations, our religion, and our wisdom of the way the realm services, its use echoing on within the legislations codes of part the area, within the terminologies of recent technological know-how, and, until eventually 40 years in the past, within the liturgy of the Catholic Church. In his erudite and pleasing “biography,” Nicholas Ostler exhibits how and why Latin survived and thrived at the same time its creators and different languages failed. initially the dialect of Rome and its surrounds, Latin supplanted its buddies to develop into, through conquest and cost, the language of all Italy, after which of Western Europe and North Africa. After the empire collapsed, spoken Latin re-emerged as a number of recent languages, from Portuguese and Spanish within the west to Romanian within the east, whereas a data of Latin lived on because the universal code of ecu idea, and encouraged the founders of Europe’s New international within the Americas. E pluribus unum. Illuminating the extravaganza of its earlier, Nicholas Ostler makes transparent that, in one thousand echoes, Latin lives on, for ever and ever.

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En 2003, l'interdiction du Lycée des humanités de Minsk symbolise la cessation de la biélorussianisation après une longue période de menaces et de pressions de la part des autorités sur les enseignants, les élèves et les parents d'élèves du lycée. Les publications en biélorussien sont aussi pro­ gressivement menacées : en 1999, seuls 10,6% des livres publiés sont en langue biélorussienne27 . 2 qui émet en langue biélorussienne est suspendue pour raisons techniques. En journal 1997, le Svaboda, créé en 1990, est interdit.

1 . Mortuus mori «mourir») est en latin une forme isolée et aberrante, puisque tous les participes parfaits sont en -tus (ou en -sus) ; uus, c'est une finale d'adjectif, comme ingenuus, arduus. n faudrait donc, dit César, dire mortus. Or c' est sur cette forme, attestée chez Pétrone, que reposent fr. mort, il. morto, esp. muerto. Il est évidemment (participe parfait de fort improbable que l 'évolution de la langue sur ce point soit due à l'influence ou au prestige de César. L'analogie au sens moderne du terme a joué son rôle et fait disparaître la forme isolée ; il reste que notre grammairien faisait montre ici d'une étonnante conscience linguistique.

Dubuisson : Le pouvoir et la langue 35 ainsi Cicéron lui-même, violemment pris à parti par ses adversaires pour avoir pris la parole en grec au Conseil de Syracuse : n considère comme un comportement indécent le fait d'avoir pris la parole devant un sénat grec : s'être exprimé en grec devant des Grecs, voilà qui est absolument inadmissible. Je lui ai fait là réponse que je pouvais, que j e 3 voulais et que j e devais lui faire . Auguste lui-même, aussi parfait bilingue que Cicéron, et dont la correspondance livre la même gamme de jeux sur les deux codes que celle de l' Arpinate, est contre toute vraisemblance lavé par Suétone de la tache que serait pour ce fondateur du régime impérial une trop bonne connais­ sance du grec4 .

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Ad Infinitum: A Biography of Latin by Nicholas Ostler


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