By Jane Elizabeth Carreiro DO
This evidence-based, absolutely referenced textual content bargains a wealth of data at the use of osteopathic concepts for pediatric issues -- from newborns to young people. It discusses common improvement, body structure, and anatomy of the structures, and it explores stipulations and ailments of early life in addition to the explanation for osteopathic therapy. functional and accomplished, it deals an osteopathic method of figuring out the advance of the skull; the interrelatedness of posture, circulation, and cognition; and the method of work and delivery.
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Additional info for An Osteopathic Approach to Children, 1e
Consequently, the child requires more effort to maintain an erect stance and recover from perturbations. There is a rapid increase in postural responses during the first 4 years of life, and then a slight regression until adult-like reflexes are reached at approximately 7-10 years. Sensory systems playa vital role in these reflexes. Visual cues help to maintain posture in the 2-3-year-old. Removal or distortion of these cues results in shorterlatency postural reflexes. Vestibular input alone will not support postural reflexes in children under 7 years.
Obviously, hand or shoulder presentations will place abnormal stresses on the infant's tissues which may affect biomechanical relationships and, subsequently, proprioceptive feedback from the affected extremity. More commonly, tissue strain will occur in the scalene, trapezius, upper ribs and shoulders when there is stretch placed on the neck as the shoulders and body are being delivered. This is especially true in larger babies. Upper extremity involvement may also be present when the child takes the first breath before the body and shoulders have been delivered.
A midline is not an esoteric idea. When, as infants, we bring our two hands together, we find the middle of our space, our physical midline (Fig. 1). Our arms extend equidistantly from that line, and information concerning joint position in space is bilaterally symmetrical. This construct helps us to establish our centre of balance. It gives us a place that we can use to establish relationships between our self and something in our environment. What happens if our midline is shifted? How does that affect our ability to maintain balance?
An Osteopathic Approach to Children, 1e by Jane Elizabeth Carreiro DO