By Paul Lettinck
An account of what students have written at the topics taken care of in Aristotle's "Meteorology", this paintings investigates how they have been stimulated through each other and through earlier Greek commentators. for every topic a survey is given of the content material of the commentaries in addition to of later treatise.
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Additional info for Aristotle's Meteorology and Its Reception in the Arab World: With an Edition and Translation of Ibn Suwār's Treatise on Meteorological Phenomena and Ibn Bājja's Commentary on the Meteorology (Aristoteles Semitico-Latinus)
In that region there is neither rain, nor wind. For people have found ashes and remains of offerings in the same state after several years. No rain had washed them away, no wind had scattered them; even signs people had drawn remained unaltered. 18 The circular motion of the heaven drags along the highest layers of the atmosphere. These layers become thinner, warmer and become ignited. 19 Philoponus asks: how can there be snow in the highest mountains, if that region is hot because it is moved along with the heaven?
Are formed. With this the question posed at the beginning of 1,3 has been answered. We shall now see how Aristotle arrives at this result in 1,3, and which other preliminary questions are treated in that chapter. As has been stated above, the subject under discussion is the arrangement of the elements in the sublunar world. As for water, says Aristotle, it is clear that its place is around the earth (sea, rivers and any subterranean water), as it is not observed to exist anywhere else (339b9-13).
He divides the phenomena into two groups: those which have a real, material existence (ΰπαρξις), such as rain and wind, and those which are a visual effect (εμφασις), such as the halo and rainbow. 14 This division of phenomena into those existing καθ' ΰπαρξιν or καθ' ύπόσχασιν and those κατ1 εμφασιν is well known among the commentators. It was originated by Posidonius,15 but one should note that Aristotle and Theophrastus already used εμφασις for 'image', 'reflection'. Olympiodorus in his introductory commentary says that the goal of the book is to explain the phenomena in the atmosphere by means of their material cause, viz.
Aristotle's Meteorology and Its Reception in the Arab World: With an Edition and Translation of Ibn Suwār's Treatise on Meteorological Phenomena and Ibn Bājja's Commentary on the Meteorology (Aristoteles Semitico-Latinus) by Paul Lettinck